This is the Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu Episode 6 With Urdu Subtitle. All Seasons OF Nizam e Alam (Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu) With Urdu Subtitle & Urdu Dubbing.
Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu Episode 6 In English
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Establishment of Daulat Tahiriya (822-872)
Mamun was a big fan of Tahir’s invaluable services and benevolence. And it was possible that he would also hand over the ministry to him. But the murder of his brother Amin was always in his heart. And whenever Tahir went in front of him.
He The slain brother would be remembered and the color of his face would change. Tahir also somehow came to know about the internal condition of the caliph. Therefore, he considered it appropriate to go far away from Dar al-Khilafah.
He therefore requested that Prime Minister Ahmed bin Abi Khalid be sent to a province outside Baghdad. Coincidentally, news came from Khurasan in those days that a chief named Abdul Rahman was gathering an army to fight the foreigners.
Mamun feared that the gathering might provoke a fitna. Therefore, he wanted to appoint a powerful man as the ruler there. On hearing this, Ahmad bin Abi Khalid appointed Tahir as the governor of Khurasan. Tahir became the permanent ruler of Khurasan.
Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu Episode 6 Urdu Subtitles
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Only the annual tribute was sent to the capital and the name of the caliph was mentioned in the sermon. He was independent in all other matters. Thus the Tahiriya government was founded in Khurasan. It is said that once Tahir removed the name of the caliph in his sermon.
Mamun’s spy system was so complete and well-organized that it was immediately reported in Baghdad. The caliph ordered Prime Minister Ahmed bin Khalid that he had been appointed on your recommendation. But the next day the news of his death came and Ahmed escaped from Atab.
After Tahir, his son Abdullah became the ruler of Khurasan. He declared Neshapur as his capital instead of a man and extended the boundaries of his empire to India. After that Tahir II became the ruler of Khurasan. This wealth was the last ruler of Tahiriya.
He was defeated by Yaqub bin Laith Safari in 972 and took Khurasan under his control. The establishment of Daulat Tahiriyya was the first step in Iran towards anarchy in the great kingdom of Bani Abbas.
The establishment of this wealth gave more courage to the brave to gain independence from the foreign government. And as soon as the opportunity arose. Detached from the center, independent and sovereign states began to be established.
Significance in the history of Daulat Tahiriya:
Al-Tahir’s government was purely Iranian. The rulers of his time paid special attention to Persian language and literature. Therefore, Bukhara and Neshapur became centers of knowledge and literature.
For the first time in this era, poets started reciting poetry in their native language Persian and the famous poet of this era Hanzala Bad Ghaisi was the first Persian poet to compile his Diwan.
Daulat Saffaria (867-903)
During the reign of the Caliph al-Mutawakil, Saleh ibn Nasr was a man in Sistan who taught the people about religion. Most of the participants were young. Saleh also organized an army of young people. Who defeated the Kharijites who used to cause sedition in Sistan. Yaqub ibn Laith was also a disciple of Saleh.
Yaqub was a mockery of the caste. But he gave up his profession and helped Saleh to organize a military party. So he was made general of this army of Sistan. After Saleh’s death, the people of Sistan chose Yaqub as their Mir. When Jacob’s feet were slightly frozen, he turned to Herat in 867 and conquered it.
He then conquered the territories of Kerman and Persia and became the ruler of a vast empire. Thus the Safavid dynasty succeeded in establishing an independent government. The Saffari dynasty, although short-lived, was a purely Iranian government. completely independent of the caliph’s government.
Therefore, it was highly valued in the hearts of Iranians. This government was also dear to the Iranians because it was established in Sistan, the homeland of Rustam. The ruler of the Tahiriya dynasty watched in silence the invasion of Yaqub. Its own territories were also taken away.
But he still did not move. So Yaqub invaded Khurasan and ended the Tahiri era. Then he advanced towards Tabaristan and defeated Hassan bin Zayd and ended the Alawite era. Yaqub was now in control of almost half of Iran. Intoxicated with conquests, he intended in 876 to overthrow the Arabs by shaking hands with the Caliph.
So, first of all, he asked the trusted caliph to govern the province of Persia. The caliph not only refused to hand over the Persian government to him. Even the government of Khurasan took it from him. When Jacob saw the situation worsening, he headed straight for Baghdad.
There was a confrontation with the caliph’s army near the capital. But even after the defeat, he did not lose heart and returned to provide a new army. In 879, the caliph sent his ambassador to Yaqub for goodwill. When the ambassador arrived, Jacob was bedridden. He was being served food.
There was only one loaf of bread and one onion. In this situation, Yaqub met the ambassador of the caliph and sent word to the caliph that if I survived, our decision would be made by the sword. If I win, it will be the way I want it to be, and if you win, it is a piece of onion and bread for me.
You cannot win over a person who can be satisfied with this kind of food. But Yaqub’s life did not go well. As soon as the ambassador reached the caliph, Yaqub died.
Yaqub ibn Laith was second to none in his friendliness, generosity and simple living. He had the secret of his success in Jesus. He used to feed his friends what he had. He loved to comfort his friends by taking pains.
Therefore, he did not have any difficulty in providing the congregation of his devotees. He never forgot his boyhood friends during his reign and raised them all to higher levels. Even in the state of kingship, he was seen in the garb of an ordinary soldier.
He was not ashamed to sleep on the ground and dig trenches like ordinary soldiers. There was no difference between his tent and the tent of an ordinary soldier. He hated luxury and immorality. Istiqlal and Al-Azmi dripped from his every action and every word.
Eventually, he became the dictator of a large part of Iran, and the Khilafah court in Baghdad was unable to overthrow him.
Amr bin Laith:
After the death of Yaqub ibn Laith, his brother Amr ibn Laith ascended the throne and expanded his empire. In ‘Amr ibn Laith, however, there is more wisdom than his brother. But he was inferior to his brother in his military manners and simple living.
Muwaffaq, the brother of the Caliph, once defeated him, but he soon regained his composure and became a scapegoat for the Khilafah court. Finally, the caliph persuaded Ismail Samani, the ruler of Transoxiana, to oppose Amr ibn Laith.
Amr ibn Laith, with seventy thousand horsemen, prepared to face Ishmael Samani and crossed the river Jihan. Ismail Samani competed with only 20,000 riders. At the time of the battle, Amr ibn Laith’s horse. Against the wishes of his rider, took him to the army of Ismail Samani and there he was easily captured.
Seed Rachun died
Ismail Samani captured Amr and sent him to Baghdad, thus ending the greatness of Saffaria’s wealth. (Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu Episode 6). The biggest difference between Jacob and Amr was that Jacob was a hard working soldier. who chewed dry bread and Amr was a king who lived with dignity and luxury.
It would be interesting to copy a joke here. On the morning of the day Amr was arrested, his cook said that 300 camels were not enough to carry the kitchen utensils. So some more camels should be provided for transportation. That same evening when Amr bin Laith was arrested.
He complained of hunger to his cook who was with him in prison. The cook put some porridge in the pot and put water on the stove to cook. Because there was nothing else. When the cook took the pot off the stove. And turned to the other side out of necessity, a dog came and picked up the pot and walked away.
When Amr saw the dog carrying the pot.
He called his cook and said that in the morning. He was complaining that three hundred camels were not enough to carry the kitchen utensils. Now look, this one dog is carrying my whole kitchen.
After Amr ibn Laith, his descendants maintained their nominal government in a limited area of Sistan for a few years. The grandson of Yaqub ibn Laith, whose name was Khalaf. He ruled Sistan until the time of Mahmud Ghaznavi. Khalaf’s son revolted against his father.
Khalaf, seeing himself weaker than his son, deceitfully killed him. The people of Sistan sent complaints against Khalaf in the service of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. And wrote that you should save us from the atrocities of Khalaf.
When Mahmud ascended and Khalaf could not resist the fight. He came to the Sultan’s service and kissed the stirrup and kissed his beard on the Sultan’s feet. Instead of punishing Khalaf, he took him with him to Ghazni. Where he died four years later, after which the wealth of Saffariya disappeared.
Persian knowledge and literature in the Safariya era:
During the Safari period, Persian knowledge and literature developed more than during the Tahiri period. (Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu Episode 6). One of the reasons for this is that Yaqub. the founder of the Saffari era, was born in Sistan.
Which was considered the center of Iranian mythology. Jacob was unfamiliar with Arabic. Therefore, the poets started reciting his poems in Persian instead of Arabic. Thus the poets and writers of this period turned their attention to the Persian language.