This is the Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu Episode 8 With Urdu Subtitle. All Seasons OF Nizam e Alam (Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu) With Urdu Subtitle & Urdu Dubbing.
Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu Episode 8 In English
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Islamic architecture was tarnished during the Samanid era. Therefore, the tomb of the Samani Amir Ismail in Bukhara is of great historical significance. Because this is the first tomb of its kind. Following this art, similar tombs were built in India and other Islamic countries.
The dome was built on a hexagonal foundation. Beneath it was windows on both sides and a high door in the middle. Despite the simplicity of the layout, the majesty of the decorative elements is evident in this mausoleum.
Development of knowledge and literature:
The Samanid period is considered to be the earliest period of Persian literature. Because the revival of Iranian literature is attributed to this family. The Samanid kings attached great importance to their nation and race. This is why they were fond of their language, Persian.
One of the reasons for the development of Persian knowledge. And literature in Khorasan is that the Arabs reached Khorasan late. Secondly, the direct rule of the Arabs here lasted for a very short time. Rudki from which Sabak Khorasani is planned.
He is a famous poet of that era. A wise man and a thinker like Balami is the minister of this family. During the same family, Persian prose came into existence in the government and poetry reached far and wide. Banu Saman was a knowledgeable and knowledgeable ruler.
Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu Episode 8 In Urdu
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The city of Bukhara, which was the capital of Banu Saman, was the center of greatness. The harem of the empire, the gathering place of intellectuals. The horizon of the stars of literature and art, and the city of the horizons of scholars.
The second center of knowledge and skill was Samarkand. The Samanid rulers greatly patronized Arabic and Persian literature. Modern Persian literature began in the same period.
Ferdowsi also began his poetry in the same period. Noah (976-997) invited the world-renowned scientist Ibn Sina to his court and dedicated the royal library to his use.
Other independent governments
Along with wealth, there were other governments, one of which is the Tabari government. The founder of this government was Hassan bin Zayd bin Ismail, a descendant of Hazrat Ali. This man was residing in Ray during the reign of Caliph Al-Musta’een (died 253 AH).
Here he called for allegiance. The rulers and people of Tabaristan were unhappy with the Arab authorities. So they began to swear allegiance to him in droves and accepted him as rich. Finally, in 250 AH, he succeeded in establishing his own independent government.
At that time, the areas of Majandaran and Gorgan were under the control of Caliph Baghdad. Hasan ibn Ziyad invaded these areas and conquered the Caliph’s armies and these areas also became part of his empire. Hassan died in 275 AH, after which Muhammad ibn Zayd (270 AH to 278 AH) took over the government.
Muhammad ibn Zayd was killed by Isma’il ibn Ahmad Samani in 278 AH and Gorgan Majhandran and the region of Tabaristan joined the Samani kingdom
The reign of Al-Ziyar is from 316 AH to 434 AH. In the time of the Samanid ruler Nasr II, a man named Ali ibn Atraush founded the Alawite period in Tabaristan. But a few years later, another man, Marwadij bin Ziad, snatched the territory of Tabaristan from him and gradually.
This man occupied the areas of Isfahan and Hamdan. And established an independent government of Al-Rafta Ziyar which lasted for more than a hundred years. Lasted a long time. This era is famous for its appreciation of knowledge and grace.
Qaboos bin Washim Gir:
Qaboos bin Washimgir (976 AH to 1011 AH 366 AH to 403 AH) is especially famous among the successors of Marwaij. Qaboos was a knowledgeable ruler, a poet himself, and wrote poetry in both Arabic and Persian.
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This is the same ruler who brought up such a famous scholar Abu Rayhan al-Biruni. Abu Rayhan attributed his famous work Ashar al-Baqiyah min Qarun al-Khaliya to this ruler. Bo Ali Sina was also associated with his court.
After Qaboos, Alexander ibn Qaboos became king and after him, his son Amir Ansar al-Ma’ani Kakaus ascended the throne. He wrote the famous book Qaboos Nama. Then his son Gilan Shah ascended the throne. For the guidance of the same Gilan Shah, his father wrote Qaboos Nama in 975 AH.
An esteemed family of Transoxiana became known as Al-Muhtaj after their heir. He got great positions in the distant Samania. Even the government of Transoxiana was handed over to him. The capital of Al-Muhtaj was Chaghanian. Due to this name, the covenant of Al-Muhtaj is also called “Ahad Chaghanian”.
Abu Bakr ibn Muzaffar ibn Muhtaj Chaghani, a member of Al-Muhtaj, was made the Amir of Khorasan by Amir Nasr ibn Ahmad Samani. On his death, his son Abu Ali Ahmad held the same post. He conquered Makkan bin Kaki Delami in Gorgan.
And Ray in 955 AH and annexed the areas of Gorgan, Tabaristan, Zanjan, and Kermanshah to the Sultanate of Samania. In 959 AH, Amir Nuh bin Nasr Samani became angry with Abu Ali over something and removed him from the post of Amir Lashkar.
Abu Ali revolted against this in which he succeeded and Amir Nooh bin Nasr had to flee and take refuge in Samarkand. After that, there was sometimes peace and sometimes war with the Samanid rulers. Finally, Abu Ali died in 970 AH.
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He was succeeded by Abu Ali’s nephew Abu al-Muzaffar Tahir bin Fazl Chaghanian. He was a good man at heart. Then Fakhr al-Dawla Abu al-Muzaffar Ahmad ibn Muhammad ascended the throne. He was also the nephew of Abu Ali. Waqiqi and Farkhi wrote poems in honor of Abu Muzaffar.
The area on the shores of the Caspian Sea is called Delam. The Buwayh family was related to Delam. That is why these people are called Delami. According to al-Biruni, his lineage is similar to that of Bahram Gore.
The reign of the Buwayh family is from 946 AH to 1050 AH. The foundation of this covenant was laid by Al-Ziyar.
Ahmed bin Buwayh:
Al-Ziyar gave the government of Karaj to a man named Abu al-Hasan Ali ibn Buwayh for his services. Ali also had two brothers. Ahmed became the most famous of them. Together, the three expanded their rule so much that the Persian region of southern Iran also became part of their empire.
The Caliph of Baghdad recognized the government of the three brothers. It boosted their morale even more. Ahmed turned to Khuzestan to expand his empire and conquered it and incorporated it into his empire. Ahmed then invaded Baghdad in 960 and succeeded in ousting Caliph Mustaqafi.
Eventually, Fazal became the caliph, the son of Muqtada. Fazal made Ahmed Mu’izz-ud-Dawla and made him Amir-ul-Amra. At the same time, his brother Ali was elevated to the rank of Emad al-Dawla and Hassan to the rank of Rakn al-Dawla.
Gradually, Mu’izz al-Dawla came to power to such an extent that later on, the caliphs remained puppets in the hands of the Al-Buwayh. Who was sitting on the throne?. Al-Buwayh’s government eventually weakened into three parts, Ray, Iraq, and Persia.
And Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni seized large swathes of territory and pushed them into western Iran and Iraq. However, the empire fell to the Seljuks.
The rulers of Al-Buwayh were Shams al-Dawlah, Emad al-Dawlah, Ghazal al-Dawlah, Baha’u’llah al-Dawlah. Who was the successor of Ali Ahmed and the successor of Al-Buwayh during the reign of Wazir Sahib bin Ibad?.