This is the Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu Episode 9 With Urdu Subtitle. All Seasons OF Nizam e Alam (Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu) With Urdu Subtitle & Urdu Dubbing.
Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu Episode 9 In English
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The wealth of Ghazni (962-11186)
Abd al-Mulk ibn Noah had appointed Alpatgin as the governor of Khurasan. Abdul Malik was succeeded by his brother Mansur bin Noah Samani in 962. So Alpatgin who had given his opinion against the throne of Mansur bin Noah.
From Khurasan came Ghazni, a small settlement at that time. Here Alpatgin established his own independent state and began to rule. Alpatgin died in 977 and was succeeded by his son Ishaq Ghazni.
But with a few days’ experience, he proved incompetent and incompetent, and the military chiefs deposed him and replaced him with Sabkatgin. Who was also Alpatgin’s general and son-in-law?. Make your king. It is well known that he was a slave of Alpatgin.
But this slavery happened by accident.
That is, some robbers found him alone on the way and arrested him. He was taken to Bukhara and sold as a slave. The lineage of Sabkatgin goes back to King Yazdgard of Iran. That is, Sabkatgin bin Juq Qara bin Yahkam bin Qara Arsalan bin Qara Millat Nu’man bin Yazdgard Some historians have described Sabkatgin as Turk.
Some say he was Turkish by father and Iranian by mother. According to the Asian constitution. The king’s nobles and high-ranking officials do not consider it a disgrace to call themselves the king’s slaves.
Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu Episode 9 In Urdu
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So it is possible that Sabkatgin called himself a slave of the Alpatgin because he was the commander of the Alpatgin army. Sabkatgin ruled the throne of Ghazni for about twenty years. When Raj Jayapal of Punjab and Sindh invaded his country, he was defeated, imprisoned, and released on the promise of tribute.
J. Paul disobeyed and again invaded the country of Subkatgin with an army of 300,000 Jarar. But Sabkatgin confronted him with only a few thousand soldiers and this time too he was defeated and captured and released on the promise of obedience.
But due to embarrassment, Jaypal was burnt alive on his return. Noah ibn Mansur called him Nasir al-Din. Subkatgin greatly expanded (Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu Episode 9).
empire of Ghazni and died in 997.
Mahmud’s accession to the throne:
Mahmud was thirty years old when Amir Sabkatgin died and he was in Neshapur at that time. Taking advantage of Mahmoud’s absence, his younger brother Ismail, who was fortunate or unfortunate to be with his father.
Seizing the opportunity, he seized the throne. Ismail opened the mouths of the treasures as soon as Taj Khusrawi held his head. The emperors began to enrich the ministers with rewards and honors to take them in their hands and join them. Most of the selfish people joined him. When Mahmud was informed of this situation.
he was deeply saddened and immediately sent a “letter of condolence” to Amir Ismail through a messenger in which. he wrote: Be young and if you have experienced the ups and downs of time and the management of the empire, I give up in your favor.
Since the opposite is the case, wisdom is that we divide the empire among ourselves. Let the Sultanate be handed over to me and let the provinces of Balkh and Khorasan come under your control. ”
These reasonable words had no effect on Amir Ismail. As a result, a fight broke out between the two brothers. Mahmud left Neshapur and Ismail from Ghazni but the wise men persuaded Ismail to refrain from this civil war.
But no one’s magic could work on it. Eventually, Mahmud defeated him and Ismail had to spend the rest of his life in the captive fort of Jirjan. In 997, Shahzad Mahmud became king with the title of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni.
The only person who can make progress in the world is the one who has been endowed by nature with great virtues. And who has got a proper opportunity to take advantage of his virtues?.
Mahmoud was a very smart and alert child from his childhood.
Seeing his accomplishments and heroic deeds in his youth. The great and cold-blooded generals and ministers of Sabkatgin used to say that Mahmud would be the greatest and most glorious king of the world.
Along with his father, he had great opportunities to train his natural essence in various campaigns, and in these battles. He proved that Mahmud’s leaven was raised with courage and honor. Mahmud’s greatest advantage in these battles was that he tried his best to fight the Zabulistani soldiers living in the mountainous areas around Ghazni.
And realized that the hill tribes could be very useful for the expansion of the empire. So much so that Mahmud invaded India. The God of these tribes benefited from their perseverance and courage. After his brother’s fight, Mahmud turned to Balkh.
So he soon conquered Balkh, Khorasan, Herat, and Sistan. There was a commotion all around him. Even in 1003, the Caliph of the Muslims, Qadirullah Abbasi, exalted Mahmud to a high position and gave him the title of Amin-ul-Millat.
The greatest revolution in history was the conquest of the vicinity of Mahmud. After the conquest of these countries, Mahmud became busy managing them. After graduation, he left for India. Mahmud carried out 17 attacks on India.
Among these attacks, Somnath’s attack is particularly famous. The details of which are as follows. In 1024, Mahmud decided to attack Somnath. Somnath was one of the two most famous pilgrimages in India.
The temple was as simple as a peacock throne,
Studded with pearls and precious stones and diamonds. Fifty-six pillars were adorned with minimalist jewels. Two gold chains hung. The revenue of two hundred villages was devoted to the expenses of this temple.
The Sultan began special preparations to capture Somnath. Moreover, Somnath was so far from Ghazni that it was very difficult for Mahmud to get there. And then he must have thought that in case of defeat not a single Afghan could reach Ghazni alive.
In view of this danger, the Sultan left Ghazni in September with an army of Jarar, recruiting numerous soldiers from Turkestan, Bukhara, Khiva, Kafiristan, Khorasan, and Afghanistan. On November 9, the Sultan reached Multan and arranged for water to cross the desert.
In addition to storing food, each soldier was given two camels to fetch water. In addition, 20,000 camels were loaded with water. So that the army on the way is safe from the intensity of thirst. Eventually, he reached Ajmer, traversing the 350-mile-long desert.
As soon as he heard the name of Raja Mahmood of Ajmer, he ran away. After that Mahmud reached Somnath directly. The battle of Ghamsan continued for four or five days. The guards of the walls pierced the bodies of the Afghans with a barrage of arrows.
This was the last attempt of the Hindus against the Pathans. When the Afghans thought of their defeat, they attacked in such a way that the sixes of the Hindus were rescued. Thousands of Hindus were killed in the attack. Many fled in boats.
Mahmoud ordered their pursuit. As a result, most of the fugitives drowned. Mahmud received numerous booty from here. In celebration of this victory, the Caliph of Baghdad addressed the Sultan, his sons, and brothers.
Consequences of attacks:
Mahmud was the glorious ruler of his time. Attributes required for a winner. Mahmoud was the master of them all. Bravery was in his lap. It is fair to say that Mahmud Aghosh grew up in war and spent the days of his life in the shadow of swords.
In a span of 25 years, apart from other victories, he made seventeen attacks on India and returned from here each time. As a result of these attacks, the flag of Ghazni began to fly over the western districts of Punjab.
In the east Qanuj and in south Gujarat, Kathiawar was ruled by rulers who could be said to have been subordinate to the Sultan for a long time. The Sultan did not intend to establish a permanent kingdom over India. But still, it made Punjab a taxing province of the Ghaznavid Empire.
However, Sabkatgin had set up camp only in Peshawar. Mahmud is the first Muslim king of India. He paved the way for Islamic conquests. Apart from the conquests of India, Mahmud subjugated all of Afghanistan, Bukhara, Khiva, Balkh, Khorasan, Kafiristan, Iran, and Iraq.
That is why the Sultan’s army consisted of Arabs, Iraqis, Uzbeks, Afghans, Khalees, Turks, Balkhis, Tatars, and Indians. The great kings trembled at the name of the Sultan. Mahmoud took special care of every single soldier in his army.
Soldiers considered dying at their behest the greatest duty of their lives. Mahmoud was his own example for military management. Mahmud’s job was to organize such a vast empire and protect his subjects’ rights.
The wrong standard of generosity and generosity was established in the tenth century AD due to the wasteful spending of the Eastern Crown. On this basis, some historians consider Sultan Mahmud to be a far-sighted king.
He was a very frugal crown prince. From the point of view of skill and knowledge, it can be said without any hesitation that the Sultan was his own example in this regard. There is no doubt that he did not waste the treasury. (Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu Episode 9).
But to the writers, poets, scholars, that river was in the heart. Whenever he got a chance from wars and domestic politics. So he used to sit on his throne and enjoy the ideas of poets, critics of waste, and innovations of scholars.
Mahmoud himself was a great scholar. He was a great expert in Hanafi jurisprudence. He authored a book on the science of jurisprudence. What he wrote on the Hanafi religion. The Sultan is counted among the great jurists. (Uyanis Buyuk Selcuklu Episode 9).
His court was full of scholars of all time. The only employed people like Abu Rayhan Al-Biruni, Bu Ali Sina, Ansari, Farkhi, Ferdowsi, Abu Nasr Farabi were the ornaments of Mahmud’s party In addition, four hundred poets were his benefactors. These poets were commanded to show their words to the first element.
Abu Rayhan al-Biruni, whose book of form is still held in high esteem by scholars. The recitation of Naat by Sultan Mahmood was prolific. Al-Biruni came to India and studied Sanskrit with a high-ranking scholar, Gyan. And Pandits, and did great service to India in acquainting the world with Indian sciences and philosophy.
This Fazil’s “Kitab-ul-Hind” sheds great light on the ancient history of India. Mahmoud sometimes asks al-Biruni strange questions about physiology. The author writes four essays that one day the four walls of Mahmud Bagh were flourishing.
Al-Biruni was asked to tell me which way to go. Al-Biruni wrote something on a piece of paper and put it under the pillow. The king came out of the way he made by breaking down the wall. Al-Biruni’s piece of paper was seen and written.
The king will break through the wall and come out. Mahmoud wanted to humiliate al-Biruni. But it failed. Which contaminated the royal jaws. He ordered that Abu Rehan be dropped from the roof. There was a net on the ground floor when it was dropped. Abu Rayhan came to the net. Which he escaped.